The Orthodox Metropolitan Churches

Alexandria is the name of several historical places in the Northern part of the Mediterranean Sea. These places are associated with important events that happened around the area of the church. The name itself, derived from the Greek for city, identifies this church. It was founded by the fourth Greek Emperor, Maximian, on a spot where there was an oracle. This was done after the church had been built.

According to Christian tradition, the current archangel Gabriel carried the cross to the place where he died and manifested the Holy Ghost there. From that point on, the history of the church is said to have been preserved by the four books of the Bible. It was destroyed during the persecutions during the Crisis of the 3rd Century, which resulted in the death of Emperor Maximian. His successors, the bishops of Nicephorus and Photius, were driven out of the city by the Roman general, Odoacer, who later named it after himself.

The Alexandria Church was reestablished under the Holy Spirit as a visible witness to the truth after the restoration of peace. It was attended by many bishops who continued to administer the sacraments. Under the third pontificate of Pius XII, the Latin text of the Holy Scripture was restored and the Mass was substituted for the Greek mass which continued to be conducted in the original style. In addition to this, the first Sunday service of the church, which was the vigilance of the death of the last Roman Emperor, was celebrated with white garments, liturgical hymns, and music. Under the succeeding Popes, the papacy continued to strengthen the principle of papal supremacy over the universal church, preserving its spiritual integrity despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church had split from Rome.

The principal role of the church of Alexandria is linked with the role of St. Ignatius. A letter written by Pope Innocent III in 1099 described theodosha as a house of prayer, which had been built in the same place where the present archipelago of the Holy Sepulcher was located, on a hill known as the Mount of Olives. Theodosha was to include, among other religious buildings, the High Priest’s house, St. Catherine’s Monastery, and the patriarchal chapel, which had been built by theodosha. Theodoric became the seat of the metropolitan bishop, and the metropolitan succeeded to the throne of the church of St. Ignatius. Theodoric was succeeded by his son, Ignatius II, who continued the work of rebuilding and redecorating the church.

During the time of Pius XII, the Roman Catholics was subjected to the rule of the most powerful prince in the world, who used the power of his authority to force back the heretics. This resulted in a major schism in the Catholic Church, resulting in the elevation of the heretical Saint John Damascene to the papal throne. The schism which separated the Roman Catholics from the Protestants lasted for thirty years, during which time there was a great division in the Roman Catholic Church. A century later, Pope Pius XII created a commission headed by a cardinal Innocent III to reform the Catholic Church and return it to its pristine image.

During the pontificate of Innocent III, many bishops were elevated to the see of the metropolitan see, and Alexandria was among those that welcomed the younger generation of the Roman Catholic Church into their fold. As such, in the year 18arat, with the help of the German cardinal, Innocent XI, the schism was broken. Then the Greek Orthodox Church opposed the elevation of the new Greek bishops to the sees of the archbishops of Alexandria and Rome, and the dispute became even more litigious. At this point, however, the Greek Orthodox Archbishops sided with the Roman Catholics, and the schism was dissolved. The Holy Synod established the metropolitan church of Alexandria over the Latin Church, and this reunion between the two major Christian Churches marked the reunion of Alexandria and the Roman Catholics.

It should be noted that the Greek Orthodox Church is not the officially recognised Body of Christ and consequently does not have any place in the Orthodox Church. Theosis is defined as theosis, occurs when the soul of Christ is made complete in the body, while union takes place in the flesh. Accordingly, theories signifies the relationship between theosis, which are two separate realities, and theories between the two realities refers to theosis. Therefore, in the case of the Orthodox Church, thesis refers to theories of the soul, while union refers to union with the Creator.

Alexandria has played a key role in the history of the Eastern Orthodox Church, being the seat of the Holy Mother Church and an important acropolis on the geographical map of the world, situated east of Jerusalem, and west of Rome. This is a fact that has been recognised by both believers and non-believers throughout the history of Christianity. It is a fact that can be commemorated on the International day of Atonement, 5 November each year, when those who died in the Great Patriotic War are honoured in the greatest and most solemn way possible.

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